Get ready to celebrate the family farm! 2014 will be the International Year of Family Farming. It is a great chance to leverage national, international, farmer, and corporate events to mark the importance of the family farm to global food security. Start thinking about your plans and I welcome any contacts with ideas about planned events that can become part of the global campaign.
The Manyinga Community Resource Centre Orphan and Vulnerable Schools Project has kicked off its fundraising efforts for 2012, and we hope you will consider making a donation to this very worthwhile project. We saw some great successes with the project in 2011, thanks to the generosity of our donors, and we hope to keep the momentum of progress with our project going in 2012.
The highlights of our successes in 2011 include:
- 32 Lima (about 32 acres) of land was planted, with yields increasing by 200-300% over last year.
- A portion of the harvest has been marketed and the monies have been put in an account for reinvestment in the schools.
- The remaining portion of the harvest has been stored for use in a nutritional program. After harvest the kids were served a lunch (at left) as the first fruits of their harvest. A goat will also be used at each school at Christmas this year to provide extra protein.
- Enrollment at Chinema school is currently 317 children.
- Enrollment at Samafunda school is currently 96 children.
Our primary fundraising efforts for 2012 include:
- $30 pays for a year’s garden seed.
- $50 gets 3 months worth of extra school supplies for each school.
- $50 adds papaya and banana trees to the orchards, supplementing the student's nutritional needs.
- $150 puts a first aid kit in a school.
- $200 buys the tools needed for the agriculture programs at each school.
- $250 provides for the annual veterinary care of the animals the schools own.
- $500 pays for the hired help and oxen to prepare the fields for planting at each school.
- $1,100 pays for a teacher for the year.
- $5,000 supports our capital improvement project. Grain storage will be our major building project over the next 12-14 months.
It seems amazing, but for under $30,000 the Manyinga project is able to fund two schools, provide essential training in agriculture, address basic health and nutritional concerns for the students and work toward program self-sufficiency. The cost is very little, but the need is very great.
It may seem that commodity prices are down, but countries remain nervous about food price volatility. At the United Nations, they passed a resolution (A/RES/66/188) that will keep food pricing at the top of the agenda. In a process led by the Dominican Republic, there has been good G77 support for a variety of measures including:
- Establishment of a special open-ended working group to present recommendations towards "reducing excessive price volatility and speculation in food commodity markets, including derivatives such as futures and over-the-counter transactions, taking into account relevant work done at national, regional and international levels"
- Asking the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), FAO, and the United Nations Development Programme and others "to continue their research and collaboration with relevant international organisations, to continue their research and analysis on this matter" and submit a joint report by March, 2012.
The resolution includes agreement to have food price volatility as an agenda item for the next General Assembly of the United Nations.
The Farmers Major Group statement at the Rio+20 conference highlighted the need for the outcomes of the Rio Conference on Sustainable Development to link the concept of food security more effectively to farming.
"On behalf of the Farmers Major Group, we wish to congratulate the member states for having stressed clearly, in the preparatory process, and now in the Zero Draft, that agriculture in all its dimensions will be a core issue in Rio. The member states made clear that there is no sustainable development, there is no 'green economy', without sustainable agriculture. Farmers are key for poverty reduction, decent livelihoods, eradication of hunger and it is crucial if we want to safeguard the natural resources to ensure a sustainable future for all. However, the section on food security and sustainable agriculture still lacks in urgency and political commitment. Quite simply, food security cannot happen without farmers."
It was an honour for me to deliver the statement as a representative of the World Farmers Organisation, an organizing partner of the Farmers Major Group at the United Nations.
Ahead of Women's Day on March 8th, Farming First and FAO have launched a new infographic on the gender gap in agriculture: www.farmingfirst.org/women.
They have already received coverage in the Guardian and we hope this will be a useful tool to help spur the discussion on the role of women in sustainable agriculture in the lead to the Rio Conference in June.
Please visit the Farming First website and share the link with your contacts!
There is a pressing need for general education for women in developing countries. Education for women has a lagged behind in many countries, and there is evidence that literacy rates for rural women are even lower than their urban counterparts. For instance, in Bangladesh, the adult literacy rate for rural women is only 36.2 percent, compared to 60.0 percent for urban women, and 56.1 percent for rural men compared to 75.4 percent for urban men (Pal, 2001).
As is well captured in the FAO study "Rural Women and Food Security in Asia", the impacts of poor access to education for women are manifold and undoubtedly not restricted to Asia. Poorly educated rural women are more likely to encounter the adverse effects of structural changes in the economy, particularly in an agriculture sector. As the study notes: "Prevailing shortfalls in rural female literacy achievement, coupled with trends towards the feminization of farming, underline the urgency for taking action to improve the skills and knowledge of rural women as a means to advance their technological and economic empowerment. National actions to empower women with education will be investments in human capital for agriculture and rural development with consequent positive outcomes for household and national food security." Multiple studies have also found women’s education plays a positive role in achieving goals for child schooling and nutrition.
Agriculture is fundamentally knowledge-based. Women need an education to participate fully and successfully in farming, for instance to achieve good production and acquire business skills are required to sell grain and manage household income. Women who lack access to basic education are likely to be excluded from new opportunities and their families will lag behind.
It is important to have gender sensitive approaches to increase access to literacy, basic math skills, and agricultural extension services. Specific training with mechanisms to manage gender-based biases on access to land, micro-credit, and marketing opportunities are needed to close gaps for women rural women and avoid perpetuating long term gender inequities.
Women make crucial contributions to the agricultural sector as farmers, fishers, livestock keepers, farm labourers and primary processing. An average 43 percent of the agricultural labour force in developing countries are women, ranging from about 20 percent in the Americas to almost 50 percent in East and Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Sadly, women farmers typically achieve yields that are 20-30 percent lower than men, not because they are less skilled but because they use fewer inputs like improved seeds and fertilizers. If the yield gap between male and female farmers were closed, it could generate additional production sufficient to reduce the number of undernourished people in the world by 100-150 million or 12-17 percent, according to FAO.
Closing this gap means focusing on access to the productive resources and services, such as land, livestock, human capital, extension services, financial services and new technology, for women. As well, rural women employed in agriculture are less likely than men to have low paying jobs, and only temporary or seasonal work.
As the UN is about to talk about Rural Women for the first time from February 27-March 9, it is important to remember how feminine the face of global farming is and how we must close the gap in access to resources.
Here are some key deadlines and dates for the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development:
Rio+20 Conference: 20-22 June
Thematic days: 16-19 June
PrepCom: 13-15 June
Informal negotiations will occur from March 19-23. Major Groups may only observe at these meetings and will not be allowed to speak from the floor. The intersessional will occur March 26-27. Please check the web site www.uncsd2012.org for registration details.
Side Events in March – Deadline February 5, 2012
Side events will only be permitted March 26-27 and the deadline for application is February 5th. Please connect to this link:
Brazil Registration – Deadline May 20
For Brazil in June:
http://www.uncsd2012.org/registration Registration will close on 20 May 2012.
Side events – Deadline February 28 Learning Events and March 30 for Side Events
There will be side events:
- within Rio Centro facilitates by the Secretariat
- in Flamingo park and other areas facilitated by the Brazilian government
- The online form for submitting proposals for the SD-Learning events is now open and available at www.uncsd2012.org/sdlearning/ deadline 28 February 2012
- The online form for submitting proposals for the on-site side events is now open and available at www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/index.php?menu=126 deadline: deadline 30 March 2012
4 thematic days
These are organized and lead by Brazilian government and they have not completed their process yet, however, it seems food security and poverty eradication will be a half day on the agenda. Civil Society participation will be given priority. These will be held at the Arena across from Rio Centro
INFO on accreditation of new groups for Rio+20 – Deadline February 20
Preregistration is open to NGOs and major groups that are currently in consultative status to ECOSOC and to NGOs and major groups that were accredited to the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002. NGOs and other Major groups’ organisations that are NOT yet accredited to the United Nations and wish to participate in the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Conference (Rio+20) will be offered a one time opportunity to become accredited to Rio+20. The deadline for new accreditation is 20 February 2012.
Look here to start the accreditation for new groups: www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/index.php?menu=90
The deadline for new accreditation is 20 February 2012. Once your registration is approved, your organization can preregister representatives until the general deadline of 20 May 2012.