The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a group of 34 member countries that discuss and develop economic and social policy. Recently, OECD released a global report, The Heavy Burden of Obesity – The Economics of Prevention, on the impact and burden of obesity on public health and economics of each OECD country.
2019 was a successful year for Emerging Ag with many accomplishments worth highlighting!
As Emerging Ag welcomed 2019 we were able to have a look at the coming year and build plans around the events and projects everyone would be attending and taking part in. Through this planning, our calendar grew, and it shaped up to be a very busy year.
Everyone loves a celebration, and it seems now that there is an obscure celebration every day. There are, however, days that are often overlooked that may not be as sexy as days titled “World Chocolate Day (July 7th)”. Every year at the United Nations General Assembly the member states of the United Nations work to create and officiate a series of days and years meant to raise awareness on issues affecting the global community. Each international day is brought about by a resolution in the General Assembly and then voted on by the member states as something they can support. Each resolution explains the importance of the day or year and what is hoped to be achieved through its celebration.
While each day is an important reminder, for the work Emerging ag does we would like to highlight the days and themed years below.
Canada; Alberta in particular is a cold region compared to the East African landscapes where I live. I arrived in Calgary on an afternoon and perhaps I anticipated the cold would be a little bit friendly at that time of the day. To my amusement, the sun was out shining but it was a negative degree cold on the gauge.
I was attending work training and orientation for my new role as Project Coordinator, but I was also aware of the environment around me. It was my first trip to Canada and out of Africa for that matter.
Young farmers are moving agriculture ahead, and it is privilege to get to interact with them. One bright light is Karol Kissane of Ireland, a Nuffield scholar. The Nuffield programme really does have an eye for talent and selects future leaders for a year of intensive engagement globally. Karol has just finished his scholarship year and here is a fun video where he provides some feedback on the adventures he had: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aU5OOJVACDY
One of the highlights he cites is the chance to speak in plenary at the UN Committee on Food Security during a discussion on the Decade of Family Farming. What could be more important than having farmers be heard during such a decade. In that speech Karol stated “Today many people have referred to family farming as the backbone of the economy in many developing countries, but also those who are suffering the most. Let’s help all family farmers improve their livelihoods, build value chains and on-farm processing, and use innovation to improve the sustainability of their farms."
There is also a great series out by Farming First with farmers talking about the effects of climate change on them, but also the measures they are taking to tackle carbon emissions. No one is better placed to grow more crops, manage soils, plant more trees or sync more carbon than farmers. The potential to move to zero carbon farming relies on technologies and innovative practices that will have agriculture play its part to hit 1.5: https://www.un.org/en/climatechange/un-climate-summit-2019.shtml
The Lancet Countdown recently launched its 2019 report tracking the effects of climate change on health. The message is clear: the future of an entire generation depends on our commitment and ability to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius. Climate change represents a major threat to our species, as infectious diseases, pollution and malnutrition will be worsened by rising temperatures. Children are among the most vulnerable.
The publication classifies current efforts to address climate change as “intermittent at best”. The past five years are, together, the warmest in the modern history, as NASA indicates. For Lancet, fossil fuels are the primary driver of climate change. The carbon intensity of our energy system has remained unchanged since the 90s.
If we continue to follow the “business as usual” pathway, a child born today is likely to live in a world over 4 degrees Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial average. Higher temperatures will have profound impacts on food security, affecting global crop yield and increasing the risk of malnutrition. The number of deaths caused by air pollution will also dramatically increase. Today, air pollution is already responsible for nearly 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide, says the World Health Organization (WHO).
The impact of climate change on disease transmission is particularly concerning. Changes in environmental conditions are already favouring the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases, including malaria.
Malaria is endemic in many regions worldwide. According to the WHO, Africa carries the higher burden - 92% of the cases and 93% of the deaths in 2017. Malaria claimed 435,000 lives that year, with almost 220 million cases reported in 87 countries. The children under five years old are the most vulnerable and accounted for 61% of the fatalities.
The situation is likely to get worse. The Lancet’s research indicates that climate suitability for malaria transmission is increasing, especially in the highland areas of Africa. Using 1950s data as reference, the climate suitability for the disease averaged 29.9% above it from 2012 to 2017. Unfortunately, this is not limited to malaria - all pathogens studied presented an increasing rate of suitability.
We are facing life-threatening challenges, and there is no time for “business as usual”. As noted by the authors, overcoming health challenges caused by climate change requires new approaches to policy-making, business and research. Health will have to be at the centre of decisions if we want to move away from current catastrophic trends.
If you are interested in learning more about vector-borne diseases and innovative tools to eradicate malaria, visit the Target Malaria’s website.
CFS46 took place at FAO Headquarters in Rome from October 14-18, and the Private Sector Mechanism had its largest delegation to date, with 211 business leaders, including over 30 youth and representatives of youth organizations, registered from 45 countries.
We are so proud of this year’s delegation, which included more geographical, sector, and age diversity than ever before. We would like to extend a special thanks to the leadership teams of the youth organizations present at CFS46, who helped to guide their groups and make the most of their CFS experience. Of course, none of this would be possible without the generosity of our PSM funders, whose voluntary contributions support the work of the PSM Secretariat. The PSM is more active and engaged with the CFS than ever before, and we look forward to continuing our close collaboration with you to ensure that its activity in this forum continues to grow.
November 14 is World Diabetes Day. For the third consecutive year, Avena Canadiense is partnering with the Mexican Diabetes Federation, A.C. to raise awareness about the importance of early diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes and the role of diet in diabetes management.
The International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization began World Diabetes Day in 1991 in response to the growing health threat posed by diabetes.
Diabetes is a very serious public health problem in Mexico where more than 12 million people live with diabetes and half of them ignore their condition. Diabetes is among the leading causes of death and disease in the country. Having a balanced diet and physical activity are key measures to prevent and reduce diabetes.
The High Level Dinner (HLD) provides a forum for senior leadership from the private sector and civil society to interact with Ambassadors, leaders and Permanent Representatives to the Rome-based agencies to discuss current opportunities and challenges in the context of the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS). This year, the conversation focused on “Multistakeholder Partnerships to Finance and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the framework of the 2030 Agenda”. A successful sustainable development agenda requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society. These inclusive partnerships built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the centre, are needed at the global, regional, national and local level.
The UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) will be holding its 46th annual session October 14-18, 2019 at the FAO in Rome. This year’s CFS is all the more important as the SDG Summit clearly showed last fall the shortfalls of commitments towards achieving the SDGs. SDG2 is central to almost all SDGs, yet the number of hungry and malnourished has been increasing steadily for the past three years to raise the unbelievable number of 820 million hungry people. Achieving SDG2 is feasible in our lifetime. We must stand united in the fight towards Zero Hunger and the CFS is the most prominent forum bringing together all actors who have the ability to find solutions for food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture. Emerging is the Secretariat of the Private Sector Mechanism (PSM) and will be coordinating the business delegation to CFS, which will bring over 200 individuals from the entire agri-food value chain. We will also be hosting four side-events. If you are in Rome for CFS, you are kindly invited to attend them: